Abecadło Włókniarza

In the fascinating world of textiles, there is a wealth of terminology, knowledge of which is key to understanding the production processes, the variety of materials, and the heritage and innovations in the field. “Abecadło Włókniarz” is a compendium of knowledge that aims to illuminate this colorful terminology, making it more accessible and inspiring for both textile enthusiasts and those who are just beginning their adventure in this fascinating world.

This collection of words and terms will take you on a journey through the alphabet, presenting definitions and explanations of terms related to fibers, fabrics, patterns and techniques. You will learn about different types of fibers, from natural, such as cotton or linen, to synthetic, such as nylon. You’ll learn the secrets of fabrics, from silk satins to ripped denim fabrics. You will move into a world of patterns, from classic chevron and houndstooth to exotic paisley and ikat. You will also learn about techniques for dyeing and decorating fabrics, such as batik and embroidery.

We encourage you to learn more about the “Abecadal of the Fiber” and explore the diversity and beauty of the textile world. Let this terminology become your guide and source of inspiration, opening the door to countless possibilities for self-expression with fibers and fabrics. You are welcome!


Satin: A silk fabric with a shiny surface, often used for dresses and suits.


Batik: A textile dyeing technique in which patterns are protected by wax.

Brocade: A patterned fabric with metallic threads, often used in holiday clothing.


Chevron: A V-shaped pattern often used in fabrics and design.

Chintz: A lightweight cotton fabric with colorful patterns, often with floral motifs.

Crewelwork: an embroidery technique that uses thick threads to create rich designs.


Damask: Fabric with turned-up designs, often made of silk or linen.

Denim: A strong fabric with stitching, often used in the manufacture of jeans.


Ecuador: A design inspired by motifs from Ecuadorian culture, often incorporating bright colors and geometric patterns.


Flocking: a technique of creating a pattern on fabric by applying fibers to a sticky surface.

Fur: A textile made from animal fur, often used in winter clothing.


Gingham: A checkered pattern, usually in red and white colors.

Grosgrain: A fabric with embossed stripes along the length of the fabric, often used for ribbons.


Houndstooth: A distinctive checkered pattern that resembles a dog’s teeth.

Herringbone: A pattern resembling a fishbone.


Ikat: A fabric dyeing technique in which patterns are created by tying and dyeing threads before weaving.

Indigo: A dark blue dye often used to create patterns on fabrics.


Silk: A luxurious fabric made from silk, often decorated with various patterns.

Jacquard: Fabric with patterns woven into the fabric during the weaving process.


Cashmere: A soft and warm fabric made from the wool of cashmere goats.

Kente: A traditional African weaving pattern often composed of colorful stripes.

Lace: Fabric decorated with patterns made with needle or crochet embroidery.


Linen: A natural fabric made from flax fibers, often used in summer clothing.

Lurex: Fabric with metallic threads, creating a shiny pattern.


Mohair: a fabric made from the fibers of angora goats, usually soft and delicate to the touch.

Makatka: Fabric decorated with floral patterns, often used in decorative fabrics.


Nap: A fabric texture that creates a softness effect, often used in velour.

Nylon: An artificial fabric that is durable and flexible.


Overshot: A decorative weaving technique in which patterns are produced by layering threads over or under other threads.

Oxford Cloth: A cotton fabric with a distinctive weave, often used in shirts.


Patchwork: A sewing technique in which small pieces of fabric are joined together to form a larger pattern.

Paisley: A distinctive pattern with a solid teardrop motif, often used in shawls and fabrics.


Quilting: a technique for creating layers of fabric, usually with filling, using seams.


Retro: Designs that reference the style and fashion of the past.

Moving Patterns: Fabrics with interactive patterns that change depending on the viewing angle.


Sari: Traditional Indian fabric with distinctive patterns, worn as a costume.

Sequences: Fabrics decorated with sequences (small, shiny floppies).

Toile: One-color fabric with delicate patterns or scenes from life.

Tweed: a thick woolen fabric, often with colored yarns, popular in clothing.


Ukat: A textile pattern woven from natural fibers, often used in Indonesian textiles.


Velvet: A silk fabric with a smooth surface and high sheen.


Wainscoting: Fabric decorated with panels or wood panels.

Geometry Patterns: Patterns based on regular geometric shapes, such as lines, squares and triangles.


Zikzak: A Z-shaped pattern often used on fabrics and in the fashion field.

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